Wat Phutthaisawan

               In 1353 King Ramathibodi I (King U-Thong) had Wat Phutthaisawan
on Chaophraya riverbank to be a memorial for Wing Lek, a place of settlement of
his people for three years after having escaped from epidemics. Later the king
established Ayutthaya Capital City at Tambon Nong Sano in 1350. Wat
Phutthaisawan's main beauty can be found at the Prang (stupa) that is of the
Khmer architecture. The prang is surrounded by a balcony where a reclining
Buddha made of brick and stucco is enshrined
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Wat Mahathat
             Wat Mahathat was a grand temple, like wat Ratchaburana. According to
the chronicle, it was starting to be built in the reign of Phra Borom Rajathirat I
(Khun Luang Pha - Ngua) in 1374 and completed in the reign of King Ramesuan.
It was built and maintained continuously until the city was destroyed in 1767.There
are a lot of ruins showing the beauty and importance of arts such as the Royal
Wihara with narrow rectangular holes instead of windows. The main prang where
the relic of the Lord Buddha was kept and found is originally 50 meters high.
It fell down once during the reign of Somdet Phra Chao Song Tham and was
restored to be higher than the original during the reign of King Prasart Thong.
At present only the base can be seen as the top of the main prang was broken
down in 1911 in the reign of King Rama Vl of Rattanakosin period.
  Wat Chao Phraya Thai or Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon
            In 1357 after Chao Keow and Chao Thai were exhumed and cremated,
King U-Thong converted Pagoda and Wihara into a monastery named "Wat Pa Keow"
for the order of monks who practiced meditation. Then it was called "Wat Chao
Phraya Thai" as it was the residence of Somdej Phrawanarat, who was the right
supreme patriarch, as monks were referred to as Chao Thai during that period. In
1592 when King Naresuan the Great, defeated his enemy in single combat on an
elephant, Somdej Phra Wannarat asked for his forgiveness to the warriors who
could not follow him in combat. He also asked the King to build a big pagoda at
Nongsarai Sub-district in Supanburi and at Wat Chao Phraya Thai to celebrate
  his victory to match Phukhao Thong pagoda that was built by King Hongsawadee of
  Burma.This pagoda is about 60 meters high, bell-shaped in Ceylonese style named
  "Phra Chedi Chai Mongkhon". Normally it is called "Phra Chedi Yai" or Wat Yai Chai
  Mongkhon now.

Wat Krasat Ratchaworawihan
          Wat Krasat Rachaworawihan is a royal monastery located on the west bank
of the Chao Phraya River in Ban Pom Sub-district, Ayutthaya District. It is an
ancient monastery dating back to the Ayutthaya period. It was formerly known as
"Wat Krasatra". Its meaning is supposed to indicate that it was a royal monastery
in the area, located near Jom Pol Fortress on the west of the city.Behind the
monastery is an open field called "Thung Prachet" which was once the place
where the Burmese troop camped to prepare for the attack of Ayutthaya in 1767.
It was badly destroyed and finally abandoned. In the Rattanakosin period, Her
Royal Highness Chao Fa Krommaluang Anurakthewet (Thong Inn) of King Rama I
and Krom Prarachawang Borwornstanphimuk who saw many monasteries badly
destroyed and deserted, so she ordered that some monasteries in Ayutthaya such
as Wat Borphitphimuk and Wat Thammaram to be restored along with temples in
Bangkok. Since then, there have been monks at Wat Krasat Ratchaworawihan.
  In the reign of King Rama II, Somdej Chao Fa Kromkhun Isaranurak (Ges) who
  was the original bearer of surname of ?Isalangkul? restored the monastery from
  the ordination hall to monk seats.
  The Phaniat or elephant kraal  Pavillion
             The Phaniat or elephant kraal Pavilion was utilized as the royal seat to
witness the wild elephant round up. The elephants were used in both peaceful
time and wartime. The rounding up of wild elephants was normally shown to guests
of state if it was possible to do so. According to the account of the first French
ambassador to Siam, Chevalier de Chaumont, he was allowed by King Narai the
Great to see an elephant round-up at Lopburi elephant kraal. The last elephant
round-up was demonstrated during the reign of King Rama V.The pavilion was
restored in the reign of King Rama I and King Rama III who entrusted the restoration
work to Krommaluang Theppolpakdi. The pavilion was restored once again by
King Rama V.
  Old City Hall
         The old city hall is located in Pratuchai sub-district, Krung Kao district. It is a
three storey building looking like the an English ?T? character which was built in 1941.
when Luang Borihan Chonnabot (San) was the provincial commissioner under the
support of Pridi Pranomyong, then the minister of finance, who was originally from
Ayutthaya. In front of the building, there are 6 statues of heroes and heroines who
made great contribution to Ayutthaya and the nation.
 
1) King Ramathibodi I (King U-Thong) with the left hand holding Prasartsang.
       He was the first king who established Ayutthaya as the Capital in 1350.
  2) King Boroma-tri-lka-nat with both hands holding a legal code as he was recognized
       as having a good governing skill.
  3) Somdej Phra Si Suriyothai who fought the Burmese invaders in 1548 and lost
       her life to save her husband, Phra Mahachakkaraphat.
  4) King Naresuan the Great (1555-1605) with the right hand holding a sword of
       state and the left hand holding a hat. He fought 7 times with the Burmese and
       was able to win over them and restored Ayutthaya?s independence.
  5) King Na Rai the Great (1656-1688) with both hands holding a letter. He started
       diplomatic and commercial connection policy with western countries such as France
       during the reign of Louse XIV. Trade and commerce prospered especially during
       Chao Phraya Vichayenthorn.
  6) King Taksin the Great (1767-1782) with both hands holding a sword. He took
       liberty back from Burmese and established the new capital of Thailand in Thonburi.
 
   
   
 
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